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Justin Kruger

Justin Kruger

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Justin Kruger joined New York University Stern School of Business as an Associate Professor of Marketing in July 2005. Before joining NYU Stern, Professor Kruger was Assistant Professor of Psychology at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign where he won the Hohenboken Teaching Award for outstanding teaching. He teaches consumer judgment and decision making in the undergraduate, MBA, and Ph.D. programs at NYU Stern.

Professor Kruger’s research focuses on judgment and decision making, with a specific emphasis on overconfidence in planning and self-assessment, egocentrism in (mis)communication and conflict, and everyday heuristics.

Professor Kruger has published articles in several scholarly journals including Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, and Psychological Science. His work has been featured in Newsweek, US News & World Report, and The New York Times, as well as NPR and the BBC.

Professor Kruger received his B.S. in Psychology from Santa Clara University in 1993 and his Ph.D. in Social Psychology from Cornell University in 1999.

Primary Interests:

  • Causal Attribution
  • Communication, Language
  • Interpersonal Processes
  • Judgment and Decision Making
  • Nonverbal Behavior
  • Self and Identity
  • Social Cognition

Journal Articles:

  • Epley, N., & Kruger, J. (2005). When what you type isn’t what they read: The perseverance of stereotypes and expectancies over e-mail. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 41, 414-422.
  • Kruger, J. (1999). Lake Wobegon be gone! The “below-average effect” and the egocentric nature of comparative ability judgments. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 77, 221-232.
  • Kruger, J., & Burrus, J. (2004). Egocentrism and focalism in unrealistic optimism (and pessimism). Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 40, 332-340.
  • Kruger, J., & Dunning, D. (2002). Unskilled and unaware -- but why? A reply to Krueger & Mueller. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 82, 189-192.
  • Kruger, J., & Dunning, D. (1999). Unskilled and unaware of it: How difficulties in recognizing one’s own incompetence lead to inflated self-assessments. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 77, 1121-1134.
  • Kruger, J., Epley, N., Parker, J., & Ng, Z. (2005). Egocentrism over e-mail: Can people communicate as well as they think? Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 89(6), 925-936.
  • Kruger, J., & Evans, M. (2004). If you don’t want to be late, enumerate: Unpacking reduces the planning fallacy. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 40, 586-594.
  • Kruger, J., & Gilovich, T. (2004). Actions and intentions in self-assessments: The road to self-enhancement is paved with good intentions. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 30, 328-339.
  • Kruger, J., & Gilovich, T. (1999). “Naive cynicism” in everyday theories of responsibility assessment: On biased assumptions of bias. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 76, 743-753.
  • Kruger, J., Gordan, C., & Kuban, J. (2006). Intentions in teasing: When “just kidding” just isn’t good enough. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 90(3), 412-425.
  • Kruger, J., Wirtz, D., & Miller, D. (2005). Counterfactual thinking and the first instinct fallacy. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 88, 725-735.
  • Kruger, J., Wirtz, D., Van Boven, L., & Altermatt, T. W. (2004). The effort heuristic. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 40, 91-98.
  • Pronin, E., Kruger, J., Savitsky, K., & Ross, L. (2001). You don’t know me, but I know you: Asymmetric assessment of insight into self and other. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 81, 639-656.
  • Windschitl, P., Kruger, J., & Simms, E. (2003). The influence of egocentrism and focalism on people’s confidence in competitions: When what affects us equally affects me more. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 85, 389-408.
  • Wirtz, D., Kruger, J., Scollon, C. N., & Diener, E. (2003). The role of predicted, online, and remembered experience on future choice. Psychological Science, 14, 520-524.

Courses Taught:

  • Judgment and Decision Making

Justin Kruger
Leonard N. Stern School of Business
New York University, Tisch Hall
40 West 4th Street
New York, New York 10012
United States

  • Phone: (212) 998-0504
  • Fax: (212) 995-4006

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